Kas ( Town Center)Turkey, Antalya, Kas, Kas ( Town Center)
General InformationThe name Habesos, proved by archaeological finds, is the oldest name of the ancient city. Antique city is mentioned in history with the name of Antiphellos. Antiphellos is at the crossroads of the roads connecting the Karia and Lycian Regions, and it is also a trade port. Macedonian King Alexander the Great, during the Anatolian campaign, was under the rule of the kingdom. After Alexander's death at a young age, the region changed hands between the Seleukos and Ptolemaios.
The ancient city gained importance during the Roman period and became a bishopric center in the Byzantine period. In this period, he suffered Arab raids and then joined the lands of Anatolian Seljuk and took the name of Andifli. Following the collapse of the Anatolian Seljuk State, the Tekeoğulları took over the principality and the Ottoman Empire incorporated the lands of the county Yıldırım Beyazıt.
In ancient times, it is known that the Lykians who dwelled on the peninsula between Antalya and Fethiye gulfs, which are known as "Teke Peninsula" today, are called Lukkalılar in Hittite texts. They are known to have a strong national consciousness as early as the 2nd millennium BC. The concept of "unity" in this Anatolian people related to Luwis, At the end of the 15th century, the Assuwa Confederation, founded by the Anatolian peoples against the Hittites, was introduced. In Kadesh they must be against the Egyptians against the Hittites, Homer's Iliad Legend, the Akha Hellenes against the Trojans, and this consciousness is a concrete indication of "expansion of Anatolian unity". BC They read from Herodot that they could not resist Persians by seeing that they could not resist the Persians and that they gathered their guns at the castle of Xanthos and set them on fire and that the soldiers fought to the last person and wrote a unique heroic legend for the sake of freedom. The transformation of the consciousness of national solidarity, which brings them together, In the 5th century, Persian and Athenian rule was not digested and only some cities were joined together. Socrates of Athena At the beginning of the 4th century, it was also said that "Nobody could have been a gentleman at all."
This national consciousness, which the Lycians had exhibited in the early days with the Anatolian peoples and among themselves, It was officially institutionalized in the first half of the 2nd century. As a result, a 'Lycian League' was established, essentially based on the rule of the Lycian cities and their citizens being governed by a vote-based election within a democratic legislative framework. Because BC. In the period between 187-168, the spirit of unity and unity that surrounded the entire country in rebellion and uprising aimed at independence against Rhodes reached its peak. BC After the liberation won in 168/67, this historical decision came. This "unity" constitution, which is an example of contemporary western governments, is unique in the ancient world. BC 507 and is the first democracy of the so-called western world, besides the electoral and privileged Athens Democracy, the pluralism and the right to be the first democracy to be practically applied in the form of righteous administration. For this reason, Montesquieu was greatly influenced by the well-known French historian and philosopher in the book 'De L'Esprit des Lois' published in 1748, praising the law in the context of democracy with the words "the greatest of the ancient world". And in the formation of the United States Constitution in 1787, especially with the speeches of Alexander Hamilton and James Madison, a contemporary model has emerged.