Antiphellos Ancient City, Kas - Historical Places
Antiphellos, also known as Habesos or Habesa in Lycian language, is one of the oldest settlements of Lycia. The city, which later took the name Antiphellos, means yer opposite the rocky place yer, ”opposite Phellos”. It is known that it is one of the cities of Lycia Union and it is the port of Phellos city in the north and has been living since the 6th century BC. In the Hellenistic period, commercial enterprises gained importance and Antiphellos developed more rapidly in response to the decline of Phellos, the main city, and became an important port city during the Roman Empire.
Antiphellos is known as a commercial city from the middle of the 2nd century BC, even though it was limited to a single vote in the Lycian Union, both with its own coins and coins issued in the name of the union. The ruins of the ancient city in Kaş continue around the district and along the peninsula extending in the east-west direction. The ruins of the Hellenistic city wall with rectangular stonework are seen in the area where the peninsula starts and on the face facing Meis Island. In the southeast of the church, which is now converted into a mosque, where the walls are facing the harbor, there is a temenos and a certain temple ruins, which gods belong to. The temenos of the temple were built with rectangular masonry. The original structure was added to the 1st century BC. It is dated to the 3rd century.
The theater is better preserved in Antiphellos than the temple. The theater, on the southern skirt of the acropolis hill, leans on the hillside and faces the sea with twenty-six rows of caveas. The rows of seats are divided into three sections by four vertical ladders, no diazoma. The theater, which is thought to be a Hellenistic work, does not have a fixed stone skene building. To the north-east of the theater is the burial chamber with twenty-four female reliefs carved into the bedrock. It is dated to the 4th century BC from the shape of women and facade decorations. In the bazaar there is a very well preserved hyposorion lion head carriage protrusion which became the symbol of Kaş and a Lycian inscription with a gothic pediment which dates to the 4th century BC. There are many rock-cut tombs with Gothic style or Lycian inscriptions on the hill which borders today's Kaş from northeast. The most interesting of these is the tomb with a Lycian inscription on the second floor in the form of a Gothic arch. Centuries later, when the tomb was used again by a woman named Claudia Recepta, it was added to a Latin inscription. Other than these, the Lycian sarcophagi built later in the water around the harbor and near the coast are other monuments of the city that survived to the present day.
Antiphellos Antique City Visiting Hours: Visiting day and time are not restricted.
Antiphellos Holidays: Can be visited every day.
Antiphellos Entrance Fee: Free
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